Biblical & Theological Studies

Programs & Courses

Programs

 
 
 
 
 
 

Courses

Categorization of courses in Biblical & Theological Studies

Each of the following courses may belong to at least one of the five categories:

B = Bible
HC = History of Christianity
PT = Practical Theology
T = Theology
Th = Thematic

The code will appear after each course title, indicating to which category it belongs.

 

BTS-1010 Christian Foundations [Th]: (6.0 credit hours) This course offers an introduction to selected themes in the Old and New Testaments, an introduction to selected issues in Church history, and an introduction to Christian discipleship through learning in a mentoring community and exploration of what it means to be faithful to Jesus Christ in the post-modern world.  Evaluation in this course will be pass/fail.  This course is available only through CMU’s Outtatown Program.

BTS-1030 Introduction to Christian Discipleship [Th]: (3.0 credit hours. This course offers an introduction to Christian discipleship within a mentoring community.  Through the study of selected Biblical themes, relevant examples in Church history, and through the exercise of various spiritual Christian practices, students will explore what it means to be faithful to Jesus Christ in the contemporary world. Evaluation in this course will be pass/fail.  This course is available only through CMU’s Outtatown Program.

BTS-1110 Biblical Literature and Themes [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This introductory course, intended for students familiar with the Bible, provides an overview of the Bible and biblical studies by exploring the content of the biblical story and its major themes; the geographic, cultural, and social contexts out of which the Bible emerged; the different types of literature in the Bible; and various ways of reading and interpreting biblical texts. Students may not hold credit for this course and BTS-1120 and 1130.

BTS-1120 Encountering the Bible [B]: (3.0 credit hours) – This course introduces first-time readers of the Bible to the overarching story that the Bible tells and to the major characters, events, and themes of this story. The course will also sample scholarly and popular approaches to interpreting biblical texts, and discuss ways in which the Bible shapes both Judaism and Christianity. Students may not hold credit for this course and BTS-1110 and 1130.

BTS-1130 Introducing Jesus – An Overview of the Christian Bible [B]: (3.0 credit hours) The course provides an overview of the Bible, by starting first with the life and ministry of Jesus, and then looking backward to his heritage (the Old Testament), and then forward to his legacy (the New Testament). The course will explore the various blocks and kinds of biblical writings and their core theological themes, while taking note of diversity within coherence, and change within continuity. Students may not hold credit for this course and BTS-1110 or 1120.

BTS-2000 Introduction to Christianity [Th]: (3.0 credit hours) This course will survey the history, thought, and practice of Christianity, from the period of the early church to the present.   

BTS-2100 Old Testament Book Study [B]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of an Old Testament book, focusing on its theological, historical, and contemporary meaning. 

BTS-2110 New Testament Book Study [B]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of a New Testament book, focusing on its theological, historical, and contemporary meaning.

BTS-2120 Reading Scripture—Exploring Method [B]: (3.0 credit hours) The course is concerned with the act of reading Scripture. It explores what constitutes “Scripture,” who the readers are, and what makes for a competent reading of the biblical texts. The course will include a sketch of biblical interpretation through the ages, and will focus on contemporary ways of reading and interpreting the Bible.

BTS-2160 The Psalms [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This course seeks to explore the art of biblical poetry, the theological and moral vision of the Psalms, and the function of these poems in the context of life and worship, both in ancient Israel and in contemporary spirituality.

BTS-2170 Wisdom Literature [B]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of the books Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes, and other wisdom writings, with a focus on the nature of wisdom in ancient Israel, and the theological and ethical concerns of the biblical wisdom tradition.

BTS-2180 The Synoptic Gospels [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This course involves a study of the three Synoptic Gospels—Matthew, Mark, and Luke. It includes a treatment of their origins and inter-relationships, as well as an examination of their literary character and their distinctive theological presentations of Jesus.

BTS-2190 Luke-Acts [B]: (3.0 credit hours) Luke is distinctive among the four Gospels in that it is the first volume of a two-part composition: Luke-Acts. The course investigates the literary character, social context, and theology of this two-volume composition that tells the story of the emerging church from the beginning of the ministry of Jesus in Galilee to the imprisonment of Paul in Rome.

BTS-2230 Biblical Perspectives on Peace and Justice [B]: (3.0 credit hours) The biblical writings are rich with images of peace and justice. This course seeks a deeper understanding of these biblical themes in light of the prevalence of violence and conflict in the ancient world and today.

BTS-2240 Encounter and Transformation—Exploring Biblical Spiritualities [B]: (3.0 credit hours) The course explores the lived experience of faith and life as that is reflected in the rich diversity of biblical texts. The course focuses on the way knowing, experiencing and responding to the presence of God is exemplified in and mediated by the Bible. Building on the varieties of spirituality in the Bible, the course also attends to the ways in which the Bible has nurtured the spirituality’s of those who have read, studied, and prayed the scriptures. 

BTS-2250 Creation, Environment, and the Bible [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This course will explore the themes of creation and land as they are developed in the Bible, and in the context of contemporary environmental issues and approaches to ecology. The course will include a survey of ways in which readings of the Bible have contributed either to environmental degradation or to the emergence of eco-theology.

BTS-2260 Discipleship in the New Testament [B]: (3.0 credit hours) A central emphasis in the New Testament writings is discipleship, that is, “following Jesus” Gospels) or living a new life “in Christ” (Paul). This course explores the various perspectives on discipleship in the New Testament, to understand those perspectives in their historical and literary contexts, and to draw out their implications for followers of Jesus today.

BTS-2300 Principles and Paradigms in Youth Ministry [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) Students will evaluate commonly used youth ministry strategies and identify a paradigm for congregational youth and family ministry that is biblically based, historically informed, developmentally appropriate, and consists of purposefully designed programs that will meet the needs and interests of today’s youth.

MUSC/BTS-2300 Music Ministry and Resources [PT]: (3.0 credit hours)  An introduction to music ministry in the church. Attention will be focused on the function of music in the context of Christian worship. In addition to exploring a variety of worship music styles and resources, attention will also be given to the development of leadership skills for music ministry.

BTS-2310 Issues in Youth Ministry [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) The post-modern world creates challenges and opportunities for the church’s ministry to youth. Pressures and crises that put youth at risk will be identified and the issues with which many struggle will be explored with a goal of finding ministry responses that can lead to healthy growth and development. 

MUSC/BTS-2310 Hymnology —The History of Congregational Song [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of the music and theology of the various streams of Christian hymnody up to the mid-twentieth century, particularly as represented in the Mennonite- Anabaptist tradition. The focus will be on congregational music, emphasizing hymns and hymn tunes, and their evaluation, including the exploration of their use in worship.

BTS-2330 Marriage and Family in Christian Perspective [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of the institutions of marriage and family as found in biblical and contemporary contexts. This course will explore the church’s ministry to families and include issues of singleness, pre-marriage relationships, gender roles, and family functioning including special dynamics created by adoption, childlessness, divorce, and remarriage.

BTS-2370 The Art of Worship [PT]:  (3.0 credit hours) The course explores the meaning of worship through an examination of its practice.  It will reflect on the role of preaching, music, prayer, and the dramatic and visual arts in worship.  It will introduce the principles and practices of vital worship leadership, and it will provide opportunity to develop basic skills in worship leading and public communication.  A lab fee will be assessed.

BTS-2390 Theology and Practice of Evangelism [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) This course will study the historical and theological roots, as well as the biblical understanding and practice of evangelism, and will explore the challenges of communicating the Good News of the Christian faith in contemporary North American society. It will reflect on the nature of the church and its calling to be a witnessing and reconciling community in our secular Western society. As an element of practical exposure, some visits to nearby service and evangelism projects will be a part of the course.

BTS-2410 Principles of Christian Education [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) This course will examine the church’s role in the teaching ministry. It will do so through an examination of how education functions within the congregation, and how to create practices which serve and suit the congregational context. It will also look at issues related to choosing curriculum.

BTS-2420 Exploring Christian Spirituality [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) An introductory survey of various traditions and disciplines of Christian spirituality in the context of their historical development and contemporary expression. Students will be challenged to expand the scope of their understanding and practice of Christian spirituality as they engage and process the course material from within the context of their own religious traditions.

BTS-2495 Topics in Practical Theology [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) The content of this course will vary from year to year, depending on the needs of students and the interests and availability of instructors. 

BTS-2550 History of Christianity [HC]: (3.0 credit hours) A survey of the historical developments in Christianity from the early church to the present. Attention will be paid to the manner in which Christianity was influenced by its social setting and at the same time stimulated change in its host culture. 

BTS-2560 Anabaptist Beginnings [HC]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of the history, beliefs, and significance of the sixteenth-century Anabaptist movements.

BTS-2695 Topics in History of Christianity [HC]: (3.0 credit hours) The content of this course will vary from year to year, depending on the needs of students and the interests and availability of instructors.

BTS-2720 Theologies of the Global South [T]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of Christian writers whose orientation is non-Western. Theological works from Asia, Africa, and Latin America will be studied.

BTS-2730 Feminist Theology [T]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of the major issues and themes in feminist theological literature, giving attention to both Western and non-Western perspectives.

BTS-2750 Introduction to Christian Ethics [T]: (3.0 credit hours) A historical survey of Christian ethics from Greek thought to the present. Contemporary themes like liberation theology, peace theology, and feminism will be included.

BTS-2780 Political Theology [T]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of different approaches to political theology, including medieval and modern political theologies and the new political theology, as exemplified by the theologians Metz, Soelle, and Moltmann. It will also engage those approaches from the standpoint of the radical reformation tradition.

BTS-2800 Theology of Peace and Justice [T]: (3.0 credit hours) The course explores selected literature on peace and justice, focusing on responses to conflict, violence and war from the perspectives of Christian Pacifism and the Just War tradition.

BTS-2895 Topics in Theology [T]: (3.0 credit hours) The content of this course will vary from year to year, depending on the needs of students and the interests and availability of instructors.

BTS-2920 Women and Men [Th]: (3.0 credit hours) An exploration and discussion of relationships between females and males in society and church. Biblical and traditional church images and their implications for today will be investigated. Modern questions of gender, role, interrelatedness, social influences, etc., will be explored.

BTS-2930 Biblical and Theological Studies Tour [Th]: (3.0 credit hours) A study tour that takes students to international settings to enhance their knowledge and understanding of the Christian church. The course consists of (a) requisite readings, lectures, and research, (b) excursions and presentations led by qualified resource people while touring the study location, and (c) a summative assignment upon return. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies.

BTS-2940 Film, Faith, and Popular Culture [Th]: (3.0 credit hours) This course is a conversation between contemporary movies and Christian faith. It explores how films reflect and shape the worldview, the commitments, and the virtues or vices of society, and how they express a religious or theological vision within popular culture. Formerly TFA-2010

BTS-2995 Topics in Biblical and Theological Studies [Th]: (3.0 credit hours) The content of this course will vary from year to year, depending on the needs of students and the interests and availability of instructors.

BTS-3110 Prophets of Israel [B]: (3.0 credit hours) The course explores how the Israelite prophets responded to political, social, and religious crises by offering critical and constructive analysis, by announcing alternative visions of the future, and by calling for a just social order rooted in faithfulness to one God. The course includes reflection on: social scientific perspectives on prophecy; specific prophetic books; stories of individual prophets; and the theological significance of the prophetic literature. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

PHIL/BTS/ENGL-3120 Dante – The Divine Comedy [T]: (3.0 credit hours) When, at the mid-point of his life, Dante found himself in the midst of a crisis, he turned to the dead to help him find his way. Equal parts literature, poetry, history, politics, philosophy, and theology, this course will follow Dante’s epic journey through hell, purgatory, and heaven as recorded in the Divine Comedy. Prerequisite: ENGL-1010 and 1020 OR 6 credit hours of 1000- or 2000-level philosophy or permission of the instructor.

BTS-3130 Beginnings—Genesis to Deuteronomy [B]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of the first five books of the Bible which tell the foundational stories of ancient Israel, and whose narratives and laws shape the identity and mission of the people of God. The course will focus on the content, background, style, and theological vision of the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3150 Jesus Through His Parables [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This course involves an intensive study of the parables of Jesus in relation to his actions as recorded in the Synoptic Gospels. The intention is to reach a clearer understanding of Jesus’ vision of the kingdom of God within the context of first-century Palestine. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3170 Paul, Apostle to the Gentiles [B]: (3.0 credit hours) The course investigates the principal writings of Paul in the New Testament to discover how his thought guided the communities formed by his mission to the Gentiles. Attention will be given to Paul’s sense of call, his central convictions, method of argument, opponents, approach to cultural diversity, and view of the Jewish law. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3220 Apocalypse – Then and Now [B]: (3.0 credit hours) With its ferocious multi-headed beasts, evil empires, angelic hosts, and other strange symbolism, apocalyptic literature is a challenge to interpret. This course explores the origins, worldview, and content of apocalyptic texts like Ezekiel 38-39, Daniel, Revelation, Mark 13, and several non-biblical writings, and how these texts portray God defeating earth’s evil empires and replacing them with the eternal reign of God. The course will also engage interpreters and movements throughout the ages, including the contemporary “Left Behind” phenomenon, who have used apocalyptic texts to argue that the End is near. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3240 New Testament Economics [B]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of the economic structures, practices, and thinking during the New Testament period, focusing on such themes as wealth, poverty, labour, and possessions. A review of contemporary economic theory and Christian practice will be considered in the light of the historical and biblical exploration. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3246 Biblical Languages for Exegesis [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This course introduces students to biblical Hebrew and Greek. It is designed for non-specialists looking for Hebrew and Greek language tools that facilitate study of the biblical text. The goal is to illuminate the characteristics and distinctive features of each language in order to help students evaluate commentaries, engage in advanced linguistic and semantic analysis, and use Bible computer programs and printed research aids. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies

BTS-3250 The Problem of Evil in Biblical Perspective [B]: (3.0 credit hours) The reality of evil and range of human freewill represent a formidable challenge to reason, faith and human experience. Beginning with reflection on the Jewish Holocaust and other genocides, the course introduces some of the major responses to moral, amoral and metaphysical evil offered in various religious and philosophical traditions, and focuses the issue from the perspective of biblical theology. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS/POLS-3260 Plato’s Republic and Paul’s Romans in Dialogue [B]: (3.0 credit hours) Plato’s Republic and Paul’s Romans are both discourses on the concept of “justice,” encompassing the body politic, the just individual within it, and the entire cosmos. Following an overview of Platonism and Paulinism within their respective Greek and Judeo-Christian traditions, this course will consist of a close reading consecutively of the Republic and Romans, and will conclude with a comparison and dialogue between these two classics and the traditions they represent. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3270 The Bible and Ethics [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This course explores a variety of perspectives on questions like the following: What is the role of the Bible in shaping Christian ethics? How do individual passages, and how does the Bible as a whole, shape Christian character, guide Christian decision-making, and stimulate imagination about how life ought to be lived? Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3290 Jesus in John [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This course is a study of the literature and theology of the Gospel and Letters of John. It will examine the distinctive portrayal of Jesus in the Johannine writings and the implications of that understanding of Jesus for ancient and contemporary readers. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3295 Topics in Biblical Studies [B]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of selected writings and/or themes in the Bible. Possible topics, which may span the whole Bible or focus on either testament, include:  kingdom of God, worship, law, economics, work and rest, gender, the family, apocalyptic, spirituality, leadership, images of God and humanity, divine sovereignty and human freedom, the people of God and the nations. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3300 Advanced Youth Ministry [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) This course will normally be taught by a visiting professor and will deal with specialized themes and current emphases in youth ministry. Normally it will be offered as a one-week intensive course during the spring or summer session and will require advance reading and follow-up assignments.  Prerequisite: BTS-2300.

MUSC/BTS-3310 Church Renewal and Music in the Twentieth Century [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of the renewal movements in the twentieth century, studying both their theology and music, including the impact of Vatican II, the charismatic movement, Taizé, Vineyard movement, etc. Attention will also be given to developments in contemporary hymnody. Prerequisites: 30 credit hours of university-level study.

BTS-3330 Nurturing Faith in Youth [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) The process of personalizing faith, a main developmental task for youth, will be discussed. Students will learn about and experience ways that faith can be nurtured during the years of youth through spiritual disciplines with an emphasis on assisting youth in their journey to a more mature faith. Prerequisite:  BTS-2300.

BTS-3340 Ministry Seminar [PT]:  (3.0 credit hours) In this seminar students will engage in theological reflection on the nature of the church's ministry (a broad understanding of the church's ministry will be assumed, from pastoral ministry to missions and outreach ministry to music ministry, etc).  It will explore concepts and characteristics of the ministry of the church and examine related issues such as leadership and authority, gender, ethics, etc. The seminar will provide opportunity for students to engage in discernment of vocational calling as well as aptitudes and gifts.  Prerequisites:  30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours of Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3370 Pastoral Care and Counselling [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) A theoretical and practical examination of the critical areas of pastoral care and counselling for ministry to persons in transition and crisis. Resources, methods, and approaches will give insight into the issues of pastoral care and counselling from a biblical and theological understanding of God and human experience. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours of Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3420 Liturgical Arts in Worship [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) This course will explore the use of litanies, drama, storytelling, music, Scripture, and other oral and visual arts in worship. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours of Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3440 Christian Spiritual Formation [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) A course designed to help students deepen their spiritual formation in the context of their own Christian tradition. To this end students will conduct primary research into their own tradition of Christian spirituality in dialogue with other traditions. Participation in selected spiritual practices and a weekend retreat are expected. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including BTS-2420, or permission of the instructor.

BTS-3450 Theologies of Power [PT, T]: (3.0 credit hours) The course will begin with an historical survey of the understanding of power in the church and society including biblical perspectives on power. Also this course will reflect on contemporary views of power and powerlessness. It will include a reflection on how power, authority, and accountability function in the church, specifically in leadership. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level study, 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies. 

BTS-3495 Topics in Practical Theology [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) The content of this course will vary from year to year, depending on the needs of students and the interests and availability of instructors.  Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours of Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3520 Sixteenth-Century Reformations [HC]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of the Reformations of the sixteenth century, including the Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican, Anabaptist, and Roman Catholic reforms within their social and political contexts. Special attention will be given to the key texts of the various movements. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3595 Topics in History of Christianity [HC]: (3.0 credit hours) The content of this course will vary from year to year, depending on the needs of students and the interests and availability of instructors. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3710 Theology of Mission [T]: (3.0 credit hours) A critical survey of the history of Christian mission throughout the world to provide a framework for an understanding of recent developments in the theology of mission. Mennonite contributions to this discourse will receive significant attention. The course will conclude with a consideration of the nature of missionary witness to secular Western society. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3720 Peace and War in Christian History [HC,T]: (3.0 credit hours) This course is both an historical survey of the Christian Church’s teaching and practice regarding war and peace and a theological consideration of various views held in the contemporary church.  Of particular interest will be the connection (or not) of Christian discipleship to issues of war and peace.  Students will engage Biblical texts, texts from the early church, medieval, Reformation, and Enlightenment periods, and recent sources as a way of confronting contemporary issues surrounding war and peace.  Prerequisite:  30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3740 Social Issues in Christian Perspective [T]: (3.0 credit hours) An examination of how the Christian imagination informs and addresses several social issues in today’s world. Students will choose a specific social issue from areas such as medical ethics, business ethics, political ethics, and sexuality.  Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3770 Anabaptist-Mennonite Theology [T]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of several central beliefs of the Anabaptist-Mennonite faith tradition. Examples are church-world, baptism, pacifism, biblical authority, and discipleship. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3895 Topics in Theology [T]: (3.0 credit hours) The content of this course will vary from year to year, depending on the needs of students and the interests and availability of instructors. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-3995 Topics in Biblical and Theological Studies [Th]: (3.0 credit hours) The content of this course will vary from year to year, depending on the needs of students and the interests and availability of instructors. Prerequisite: 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 6 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4000 Honours Thesis:  (6.0 credit hours) This course is restricted to students completing an honours program in BTS.  Eligible students should request a document outlining the procedures and requirements for this project from the program advisor. 

PHIL/BTS-4010 Paul and the Philosophers: (3.0 credit hours) A surprising development in recent European political philosophy is its interest in engaging the figure of St Paul. This course explores the way Paul is appropriated by Giorgio Agamben, Alain Badiou, Jacob Taubes, and Slavoj Žižek, among others. Special attention will be given to the notions of truth and subjectivity, universality and singularity, to the question of power and sovereignty, to the relationship between law and love, and to the question of a messianic ethics which promises to “out-universalize universal power.” Prerequisites: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies or 6 credit hours of philosophy at the 1000- or 2000-level.

PHIL/BTS-4020 The Gift – Philosophical and Theological Investigations: (3.0 credit hours) Much contemporary philosophical and theological reflection proceeds by examining the category of the gift. The concept of the gift is seen as an alternative to the preoccupation with debt and sacrifice characteristic of certain readings of atonement. And it is taken to suggest a way of understanding the relation between God and humans in non-competitive terms. This course explores several recent discussions of the gift—for example, Jean-Luc Marion, Jacques Derrida, and John Milbank. Prerequisites: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies or 6 credit hours of philosophy at the 1000- or 2000-level.

BTS-4100 Biblical Theology [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This course explores a variety of topics and trends in biblical theology. The focus could be the whole Bible, the Old Testament, or the New Testament. Topics could include: the central themes that characterize the unity and the diversity of the Bible; a survey of approaches to biblical theology; the relationship of Old Testament and New Testament; the authority of the Bible; exploring recent work in either Old Testament or New Testament theology; and the influence of contemporary intellectual trends on the discipline of biblical theology. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4110 Independent Study in Bible [B]: (3.0 credit hours) Reading and research in the field of a student’s interest, carried out under the direction of a faculty member.  Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4120 Readings in Biblical Hebrew [B]: (3.0 credit hours) Translation and interpretation of selected Old Testament Hebrew passages. Increasing competence in vocabulary and grammar will be emphasized. Prerequisite: LANG-2320; 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4140 Readings in Biblical Greek [B]: (3.0 credit hours) Translation and interpretation of selected New Testament Greek passages. Increasing competence in vocabulary and grammar will be emphasized. Prerequisite: LANG-2420; 30 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4150 Who is Jesus? [B]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of Jesus and the Gospel sources in light of modern historical study, and a review of theological interpretations of Jesus and his ministry throughout history and in the present. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4180 Jews and Christians in Greco-Roman Society [B]: (3.0 credit hours) This course will study the development of Jewish and Christian self-definition during the formative years of the new community of Christians in the Greco-Roman world. The investigation will focus on Jewish religious and social life in the second temple period, the pre-Pauline Jewish Christian community, Paul and the launching of the Gentile world mission, the development of Christologies in the new communities, and the forces that separated the Christian and Jewish communities.   Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4295 Topics in Biblical Studies [B]:  (3.0 credit hours) A study of selected writings and/or themes in the Bible. Possible topics, which may span the whole Bible or focus on either testament, include: creation and recreation, covenant and community, law and justice, images of God and humanity, Christology, the theology of Paul, ecclesiology, etc. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4400 The Art of Preaching [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) This course seeks to cultivate the skills needed to preach effectively by exploring topics like the nature and purpose of preaching, how to move from biblical text to sermon, creative sermon forms, and the power of stories and illustrations. Students will have opportunity to practice basic skills of oral communication and find their own unique preaching voice.   Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4410 Independent Study in Practical Theology [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) A study in a specific area of practical theology under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours of Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4420 Christian Worship [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) This course will include a biblical, historical, and theological examination of worship, as well as focus on issues related to the contemporary practice of worship, including worship in the Anabaptist-Mennonite experience. Practical implications of worship will also be explored such as worship planning, worship leading, and the visual arts in worship.  May not be held for credit together with the former BTS-3410. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours of Biblical and Theological Studies. 

BTS-4430 Christian Spirituality [PT]: (3.0 credit hours). This course introduces students to the study of Christian spirituality by examining diverse traditions of Christian spirituality historically and presently, by considering the scriptural and theological moorings of these traditions, and by engaging in research that studies spiritual life. Through these explorations, students will be invited to consider their own spiritual heritage and ongoing spiritual development. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4440 Spiritual Formation [PT] (3.0 credit hours). This experience-centred course introduces students to practices and perspectives for growing in attentiveness to God’s presence in order to be continually formed into Christlikeness by the Holy Spirit. The course helps cultivate spiritual habits that can sustain students in their future ministries within and beyond local congregations. Both individual and communal spiritual formation will be explored. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4495 Topics in Practical Theology [PT]: (3.0 credit hours) A course in a particular area of practical theology. The content of this course will vary and will be announced in time for student registration. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours of Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4500 Topics in Mennonite Studies [HC]: (3.0 credit hours) A topic will be selected for special study. The topic may be defined chronologically, (e.g., Mennonites and economics from sixteenth century to the present), geographically (e.g., Mennonites in Canada, the United States, or Poland and Prussia), or by subject matter (e.g., Anabaptist-Mennonite confessions of faith). Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4520 Independent Study in the History of Christianity [HC]: (3.0 credit hours) Reading and research under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4595 Topics in the History of Christianity [HC]: (3.0 credit hours) A study of a selected topic in the History of Christianity. The topic may be defined chronologically, geographically, or by subject matter, and is chosen for its potential to illuminate contemporary developments in the Christian Church from an historical perspective in the context of relevant primary documents and recent historiography. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4700 Contemporary Theologians [T]: (3.0 credit hours) An examination of one or more movements or theologians that have shaped twentieth-century theology. For example, Ernst Troeltsch and Karl Barth, Richard and Reinhold Niebuhr, nineteenth- and twentieth-century existentialism through the writings of Søren Kierkegaard and Paul Tillich.  Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4710 Independent Study in Theology [T]: (3.0 credit hours) Readings under the direction of a faculty member in theology. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4720 Contemporary Theological Themes [T]: (3.0 credit hours) A seminar in which topics like the following are considered: discipleship, post-modern approaches to theology, ecclesiology, etc. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4740 Systematic Theology [T]: (3.0 credit hours) This course gives attention to the major themes of Christian belief such as revelation and the authority of scripture, God and creation, the nature of humanity, the person and work of Jesus Christ, sin and salvation, the nature of the church and its practices, the Christian life, and eschatology. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

BTS-4895 Topics in Theology [T]: (3.0 credit hours) The content of this course will vary from year to year, depending on the needs of students and the interests and availability of instructors. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours of university-level studies, including 9 credit hours in Biblical and Theological Studies.

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