A Selected List of


Gordon Matties

Canadian Mennonite University

Also available through the Movie Theology website:


The most extensive print bibliographies on religion/theology and film are in:

Ÿ Jolyon Mitchell and S. Brent Plate, eds. The Religion and Film Reader. New York and London: Routledge, 2007.

Ÿ Clive Marsh and Gaye W. Ortiz, Explorations in Theology and Film: Movies and Meaning. Oxford: Blackwell, 1997.

Ÿ Robert K. Johnston, Reel Spirituality: Theology and Film in Dialogue. 2nd edition. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2006.

Ÿ Melanie J. Wright, Religion and Film: An Introduction. London & New York: Tauris, 2007.


For online journals with good articles and reviews see Journal of Religion and Film and Journal of Religion and Popular Culture (both listed on the Movie Theology website).


For a listing of websites see the Movie Theology web page prepared by Gordon Matties:  That page also includes many links that will help you find good quality movie reviews.


The Databases available on the CMU library website under “Electronic Resources” will help you find journal articles (e.g. JSTOR; ATLA; etc.)


Books on the reserve shelf in the library are marked with an asterisk * in the bibliography. They may be checked out for one day.




Bordwell, David.  Making Meaning: Inference and Rhetoric in the Interpretation of Cinema.  Harvard University Press, 1989.

Bywater, Tim and Thomas Sobchack.  Introduction to Film Criticism: Major Critical Approaches to Narrative Film.  New York and London: Longman, 1989.

Chatman, Seymour.  Story and Discourse: Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film.  Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Corrigan, Timothy.  A Short Guide to Writing about Film.  2nd ed.  SanFrancisco, CA: HarperCollins, 1994.

Giannetti, Louis.  Understanding Movies.  7th ed.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996.  Chapters with the following titles: photography, mise en scène, movement, editing, sound, acting, drama, story, literature, ideology, theory.  The chapter on ideology may be of particular interest for this course.

Monaco, James.  How to Read a Film: The Art, Technology, Language, History, and Theory of Film and Media.  Rev. ed.  New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981.  His chapter on “The Shape of Film History” is helpful for locating older films in the development of film.

Nelmes, Jill, ed. An Introduction to Film Studies. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 1999.

Nowell-Smith, Geoffrey, ed. The Oxford History of World Cinema.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Sarris, Andrew, ed.  Interviews with Film Directors.  New York: Avon, 1967.

Turner, Graeme.  Film as Social Practice.  2nd ed.  London and New York: Routledge, 1993.




Anderson, Walter Truett.  Reality Isn’t What it Used to Be: Theatrical Politics, Ready-to-Wear Religion, Global Myths, Primitive Chic, and Other Wonders of the Postmodern World.  San Francisco, CA: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990.

Arthur, Chris. Religion and the Media. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1993.

Baum, Gregory.  “Christians in the Communications Media,” Conrad Grebel Review 11/2 (1993) 137-44.

Brewer, H. Michael. Who Needs a Superhero?: Finding Virtue, Vice, and Whats Holy in the Comics. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2004.

Cobb, Kelton. The Blackwell Guide to Theology and Popular Culture. Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.

Coleman, John and Miklós Tomka, eds. Mass Media. Concilium 1993/6. London: SCM; Maryknoll, Orbis, 1993. Includes a variety of articles, including, e.g. Gregory Baum, “The Church and the Mass Media.”

Davis, Walter T., Teresa Blythe, Gary Dreibelbis, Mark Scalese, SJ, Elizabeth Winans Winslea, and Donald L. Ashburn. Watching What We Watch: Prime-Time Television through the Lens of Faith. Louisville, KY: Geneva Press, 2001.

Detweiler, Craig and Barry Taylor. A Matrix of Meanings: Finding God in Pop Culture. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003.

Dodaro, Robert and John Paul Szura. Theology and Mass Communication. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1997.

Ellul, Jacques.  The Humiliation of the Word.  Translated by Joyce Main Hanks.  Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1985.

Ewen, Stuart. All Consuming Images: The Politics of Style in Contemporary Culture. New York: Basic Books, 1999.

Forbes, Bruce David and Jeffrey H. Mahan, Religion and Popular Culture in America. University of  California Press, 2000.

Freccero, Carla. Popular Culture: An Introduction. New York and London: New York University Press, 1999. Includes a filmography and recommended films for each chapter.

Gabler, Neal.  Life the Movie: How Entertainment Conquered Reality.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.

Goethals, Gregor. The Electronic Golden Calf: Images. Religion and the Making of Meaning. Cambridge, MA:Dowley, 1990.

Greeley, Andrew.  God in Popular Culture.  Chicago: Thomas More Press, 1988.

Grossberg, Lawrence.  Dancing in Spite of Myself: Essays on Popular Culture.  Durham & London: Duke University Press, 1997.

Gunter, Barrie and Jill McAleer.  Children and Television.  Second edition.  London and New York: Routledge, 1997.

Hess, J. Daniel.  “Toward a Hermeneutics of Popular Culture,” Conrad Grebel Review 11/2 (1993) 123-35.

Hibbs, Thomas S. Shows About Nothing: Nihilism in Popular Culture from The Exorcist to Seinfeld. Dallas: Spence Publishing, 2000.

Hooks, Bell. Reel to Real: Race. Sex, and Class at the Movies. New York: Routledge,1996

Hoover, Stewart and Knut Lundby, eds. Rethinking Media, Religion and Culture. London: Sage,1997.

Inglis, Fred. Media Theory. Oxford: Basic Blackwell, 1990.

Kolker, Robert Phillip. A Cinema of Loneliness : Penn, Stone, Kubrick, Scorsese, Spielberg, Altman. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Lasch, Christopher.  The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in An Age of Diminishing Expectations.  New York: Norton, 1978.

Lyon, David.  Postmodernity.  Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1994.

Lynch, Gordon. Understanding Theology and Popular Culture. Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.

Mahan, Jeffrey and Bruce David Forbes. Religion and Popular Culture in America. University of California Press, 2000.

Mazur, Eric Michael and Kate McCarthy, eds. God in the Details : American Religion in Popular Culture. Routledge, 2000.

McDannell, Colleen. Material Christianity: Religion and Popular Culture in America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.

McLuhan, Marshall.  Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man.  New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964.

Medved, Michael.  Hollywood vs. America: Popular Culture and the War on Traditional Values.  San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1992.

Myers, Kenneth A.  All God’s Children and Blue Suede Shoes: Christians and Popular Culture.  Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 1989.

Ong, Walter J. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. London: Methuen, 1982.

Postman, Neil.  Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business.  New York: Penguin, 1985.

Pugente, John, S.J. and Martin O’Malley. More Than Meets the Eye: Watching Television Watching Us. McClelland & Stewart, 1999.

Riley, Robin. Film, Faith, and Cultural Conflict: The Case of Martin Scorsese’s The Last Temptation of Christ. Praeger, 2003.

Romanowski, William D. Eyes Wide Open: Looking for God in Popular Culture. Revised and Expanded Edition. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos, 2007.

________. Pop Culture Wars: Relgion and the Role of Entertainment in American Life.  Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1996.

________.  “‘You Talkin’ to Me?’: The Christian Liberal Arts Tradition and the Challenge of Popular Culture,” in Keeping the Faith: Embracing the Tensions in Christian Higher Education, pp. 106-132.  Edited by Ronald A. Wells.  Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1996.

Rossi, Philip J. and Paul Soukup, eds. Mass Media and the Moral Imagination. Kansas City: Sheed and Ward, 1994.

Ryan, Michael and Douglas Kellner. Camera Politica: the Politics and Ideology of Contemporary Hollywood Film. Bloomington: Indiana University Press,1988.

Schultze, Quentin J., et al.  Dancing in the Dark: Youth, Popular Culture, and the Electronic Media.  Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1991.  Essays on youth and the entertainment industry, music videos, teen films, etc.

Schultze, Quentin J. Communicating for Life: Christian Stewardship in Community and Media. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2000.

Scott, Steve. “The Dilemma of Reel Spirituality: How Shall We Respond to the Movies?” Worship Leader 10/7 (Fall 2001). For an excerpt go to the Worship Leader website ( The theme of the Fall 2001 issue is “How to Find God at the Movies.”

Spencer, Lewerenz and Barbara Nicolosi, editors. Behind the Screen: Hollywood Insiders on Faith, Film, and Culture. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2005.

Stephens, Mitchell. The Rise of the Image the Fall of the Word. New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Stout, Daniel A. and Buddenbaum, Judith M. Religion and Mass Media - Audiences and Adaptations. London: Sage, 1996.

Valenti, F. Miguel. More Than a Movie: Ethics in Entertainment. Boulder, CO: Westview, 2000.

Vanhoozer, Kevin J., Charles A. Anderson and Michael J. Sleasman, editors. Everyday Theology: How to Read Cultural Texts and Interpret Trends. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2007.

Warren, Michael.  Seeing Through Media: A Religious View of Communications and Cultural Analysis.  Harrisburg, PA: Trinity, 1997.




Aichele, George, ed. Culture, Entertainment and the Bible. JSOT Supplement Series 309. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000.

Aichele, George and Richard Walsh, eds. Screening Scripture: Intertextual Connections Between Scripture and Film. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2002.

Anker, Roy M. Catching Light: Looking for God in the Movies. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004. Perceptive essays on The Godfather Saga, Chinatown, The Deer Hunter, Tender Mercies, Places in the Heart, The Mission, Babette’s Feast, the Star Wars Saga, Superman, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial, A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, Grand Canyon, American Beauty, and Kieslowski’s Three Colors: Blue.

Babington, B. and P. W. Evans.  Biblical Epics: Sacred Narrative in Hollywood Cinema.  Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1993.

Bach, Alice, ed. Biblical Glamour and Hollywood Glitz.  Semeia 74 (1996).

Bandy, Mary Lea and Antonio Monda, editors. The Hidden God: Film and Faith. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2003.

Barsotti, Catherine M. and Robert K. Johnston. Finding God in the Movies: 33 Films of Reel Faith. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004.

Baugh, Lloyd.  Imaging the Divine: Jesus and Christ Figures in Film. Kansas City, MO: Sheed & Ward, 1997.

Blake, Richard A. Screening America: Reflections on Five Classic Films. New York: Paulist, 1991.

________. Woody Allen: Profane and Sacred. Scarecrow Press, 1995.

________. Afterimage: The Indelible Catholic Imagination of Six American Filmmakers. Chicago: Loyola, 2000.

________. “Uncovering the Sacred: Substance and Style in the American Film,” Lilly Fellows Program in Humanities and the Arts: Network Activities.

Blessing, Kimberly A. and Paul J. Tudico, eds. Movies and the Meaning of Life: Philosophers Take on Hollywood. Chicago and Lasalle, IL: Open Court, 2005. Thoughtful reflection on The Truman Show; Contact; Waking Life; Fight Club; Being John Malkovich; Boys Don’t Cry; Memento; Crimes and Misdemeanors; Shadowlands; Chasing Amy; American Beauty; Life is Beautiful; The Shawshank Redemption; Kill Bill, Volumes 1 and 2; Pleasantville; Spider-Man and Spider-Man 2; Minority Report; Pulp Fiction; Groundhog Day.

Bliss, Michael.  The Word Made Flesh: Catholicism and Conflict in the Films of Martin Scorsese.  Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1995.

Blizek, William L. Continuum Companion to Religion and Film. London and New York: Continuum, 2009.

Berkey-Gerard, Mark.  “Woody Allen and the Sacred Conversation,” The Other Side 33/1 (Jan/Feb 1997) 60-62.

Billingsley, K. L.  The Seductive Image: A Christian Critique of the World of Film.  Westchester, IL: Crossway, 1989.

Boer, Roland. Knockin’ on Heaven’s Door: The Hebrew Bible and Cultural Criticism. New York: Routledge, 1999.

Burnham, Jonathan, editor. Perspectives on the Passion of the Christ: Religious Thinkers and Writers Explore the Issues Raised by the Controversial Movie. H. B. Fenn & Co., 2004.

Chattaway, Peter. “Jesus in the Movies.”  Bible Review (February 1998) 29-35, 45-46.

The Christian Century, May, 1996.  The issue includes essays on Christian interpretation of film.

Christianson, Eric S., Peter Francis, and William R. Telford, eds. Cinéma Divinité: Religion, Theology and the Bible in Film. London: SCM Press, 2005.

Christianity and Literature 42/3 (1993).  The entire issue is devoted to essays on the theme of film, which originated with the Conference on Christianity and Literature’s session on “Myth and Judeo-Christian Typology in Recent Cinema” at the 1991 meeting of the MLA in San Francisco.  Articles on “Taxi Driver,” “Babette’s Feast,” “Edward Scissorhands,” “Birdy” and “American Gigolo,” “Fatal Attraction,” “Working Girl.”

Clarke, Anthony J. and Paul S. Fiddes, eds. Flickering Images: Theology and Film in Dialogue. Regent’s Study Guides 12. Oxford: Regent’s Park College; Macon, GA: Smyth & Helwys, 2005. Includes five introductory essays, plus articles on Big Fish; You’ve Got Mail; One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest; Master and Commander; Sliding Doors; The Terminator Series; Open Water; Schindler’s List; The Lord of the Rings; Pleasantville; The Passion of the Christ; The Mission; Blade Runner; Witness; Amadeus; Gandhi; The Killing Fields; The Color Purple; 1984; Cry Freedom!; Bridget Jones’s Diary; Saving Private Ryan.

Clark, Lynn Schofield. From Angels to Aliens: Teenagers, the Media, and the Supernatural. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Coates, Paul. Cinema, Religion, and the Romantic Legacy: Through a Glass Darkly. Ashgate, 2003.

Cooper, John C. and Carl Skrade.  Celluloid and Symbols.  Philadelphia: Fortress, 1970.

Corley, Kathleen E. and Robert L. Webb, eds. Jesus and Mel Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ: The Film, the Gospels and the Claims of History. London and New York: Continuum, 2004.

Couch, Steve, editor. Matrix Revelations: A Thinking Fan’s Guide to the Matrix Trilogy. Southampton, Hampshire: Damaris, 2003.

Cunneen, Joseph. Robert Bresson: A Spiritual Style in Film. London & New York: Continuum, 2003.

Cunningham, David S. Reading is Believing: The Christian Faith through Literature and Film. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos, 2002.

Deacy, Christopher. Screen Christologies: Redemption and the Medium of Film. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2001.

________. Faith in Film: Religious Themes in Contemporary Cinema. Burligton VT: Ashgate, 2005.

Detweiler, Craig and Barry Taylor. A Matrix of Meanings: Finding God in Pop Culture. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003. Chapter 5, “Movies: Look Closer,” includes discussion of, among others: The Matrix, American Beauty, Fight Club, Magnolia, Dogma, Run Lola Run.

Drew, Donald J.  Images of Man: A Critique of Contemporary Cinema.  Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1974.

Elley, D.  The Epic Film: Myth and History.  London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1984. Discusses biblical epics depicting Old Testament stories.

Exum, J. Cheryl.  Plotted, Shot, and Painted: Cultural Representations of Biblical Women.  JSOTSup 215; Gender, Culture, Theory 3.  Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1996.  The book explores how our culture reads textual and visual images of biblical women.  Four chapters in the book deal with portrayals of biblical women in film (Bathsheba, Michal, Ruth and Delilah).

Exum, J. Cheryl, ed. The Bible and Film; The Bible in Film. Originally published in Biblical Interpretation 14/1-2. Reprinted by Brill, 2006.

Faller, Stephen. Beyond the Matrix: Revolutions and Revelations. St. Louis, MO: Chalice Press, 2004.

Felita, Ernest and John R. May. Film Odyssey: The Art of Film as a Search for Meaning. New York: Paulist, 1976.

Flesher, Paul V. M. and Robert Torry. Film and Religion: An Introduction. Nashville: Abingdon, 2007.

Forest, Ben, with Mary Kay Mueller. God Goes to Hollywood: A Movie Guide for the Modern Mystic. Lincoln, NE: Writers Club Press (, 2000. Two pages on each of 100 movies. Each entry summarizes the plot and the “message” of the movie.

Fraser, Peter.  Images of the Passion: The Sacramental Mode in Film.  Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1998. (88 Post Road West, Westport, CT, 06881).

Fraser, Peter and Vernon Edwin Neal. Reviewing the Movies : A Christian Response to Contemporary Film. Focal Point Series. Crossway Books, 2000.

Friedman, Lawrence S.  The Cinema of Martin Scorsese.  New York: Continuum, 1997.

Garbowski, Christopher. Krzysztof Kieslowski’s Decalogue Series: The Problem of the Protagonists and Their Self-Transcendence. Eastern European Monographs, 1996 (Out of Print). ISBN 0880333499

Garrett , Greg. The Gospel according to Hollywood. Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox, 2007.

Garrett, Greg and Chris Seay . The Gospel Reloaded: Exploring Spirituality and Faith in The Matrix. Boulder, CO: NavPress, 2003.

Geivett, R. Douglas and James S. Spiegel, editors. Faith, Film and Philosophy: Big Ideas on the Big Screen. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2007. Articles on Big Fish, The Truman Show, The Matrix, three of Charlie Kaufman’s movies, It’s a Wonderful Life, Run Lola Run, Mystic River, and others.

Gervais, Marc. Ingmar Bergman: Magician and Prophet. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press, 1999.

Getlein, Frank and Harold C. Gardiner, S.J., eds.  Movies, Morals, and Art.  New York: Sheed and Ward, 1961.

Gire, Ken. Reflections on the Movies : Hearing God in the Unlikeliest of Places. Reflective Living Series. Chariot Victor Publishing, 2000.

Godawa, Brian. Hollywood Worldviews: Watching Films With Wisdom & Discernment. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2002.

Goodacre, Mark. “The Synoptic Jesus and the Celluloid Christ: Solving the Synoptic Problem Through Film,” Journal for the Study of the New Testament  80 (2000) 31-43.

Greeley, Andrew M. and Albert J. Bergesen. God in the Movies : A Sociological Investigation.  Sommerset, NJ: Transaction Publishing, 2000.

Hertenstein, Mike.  “Star Trek’s Undiscovered Country,” Cornerstone 25/109 (n.d.) 15-20.

Higgins, Gareth. How Movies Helped Save My Soul: Finding Spiritual Fingerprints in Culturally Significant Films. Lake Mary, FL: Relevant Books, 2003.

Holloway, Richard. Beyond the Image: Approaches to the Religious Dimension in the Cinema. Geneva: WCC, 1977.

Hurley, N. P.  Theology through Film.  New York: Harper & Row, 1970. (UofW library)

________.  The Reel Revolution: A Film Primer on Liberation.  Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1978. (UofW library)

Irwin, William, ed. The Matrix and Philosophy: Welcome to the Desert of the Real. Popular Culture and Philosophy, Volume 3. Chicago and La Salle, IL: Open Court, 2002.

Jewett, Robert.  Saint Paul at the Movies: The Apostle’s Dialogue with American Culture.  Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1993.  Discussion of Star Wars, Amadeus, A Separate Peace, Tender Mercies, Grand Canyon, Tootsie, Ordinary People, Epire of the Sun, Pale Rider, Red Dawn, Dead Poets Society.

________.  Saint Paul Returns to the Movies: Triumph Over Shame.  Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998.  Discussion of The Prince of Tides, Babette’s Feast, Forrest Gump, Mr. Holland’s Opus, Groundhog Day, Babe, Edge of the City, The Firm, Unforgiven, The Shawshank Redemption.

Johnston, Robert K.  Useless Beauty: Ecclesiastes through the Lens of Contemporary Film. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2004.

________.  Reel Spirituality : Theology and Film in Dialogue. 2nd edition. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2006.

Johnston, Robert K., editor. Reframing Theology and Film: New Focus for an Emerging Discipline. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2007.

Johnston, Robert K. and Catherine M. Barsotti. Finding God in the Movies: 33 Films of Reel Faith. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004.

Journal of Religion & Film.˜wwwjrf/

Kahle, Roger and Robert E. A. Lee.  Popcorn and Parable: A New Look at the Movies.  Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg, 1971.

Kickasola, Joe. The Films of Krzyszstof Kieslowski: The Liminal Image. London and New York: Continuum, 2004.

Kinnard, Roy and Tim Davis.  Divine Images: A History of Jesus on the Screen.  Citadel Press, 1992. (Winnipeg Public Library: Centennial)  New York: Carol Publishing Group.

Kreitzer, Larry J.  The Old Testament in Fiction and Film: On Reversing the Hermeneutical Flow.  The Biblical Seminar 24.  Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.  Includes essays on: modern film interpretations of the ten commandments, Moby Dick, East of Eden, Frankenstein, and A Farewell to Arms.  Each essay is a conversation between the film and O.T. texts.

________. The New Testament in Fiction and Film: On Reversing the Hermeneutical Flow.  Biblical Seminar 17.  Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993.  Essays that engage in conversation between N.T. texts/theology and these movies: Spartacus, Ben-Hur, Barabbas, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and The Trial.

________. Pauline Images in Fiction & Film : On Reversing the Hermeneutical Flow. Biblical Seminar 61. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999.

________. Gospel Images in Fiction and Film: On Reversing the Hermeneutical Flow. The Biblical Seminar 84. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002.

Kupfer, Joseph H. Visions of Virtue in Popular Film. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1999.

Lang, J. Stephen. The Bible on the Big Screen : A Guide from Silent Films to Today's Movies. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2007.

Lawrence, John Shelton and Robert Jewett. The Myth of the American Superhero. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2002.

Leonard, Richard, S.J. Movies that Matter: Reading Film through the Lens of Faith. Chicago: Loyola Press, 2006.

Lindvall, Terry. The Silents of God: Selected Issues and Documents in Silent American Film and Religion 1903-1925. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press; Kent, UK: 2001.

Loughlin, Gerald. “Seeing in the Dark: Plato’s Cinema and Christ’s Cave,” Studies in Christian Ethics 13/1 (2000) 33-48. The entire issue of the journal is devoted to Media.

________. “Looking: The Ethics of Seeing in Church and Cinema.” In Faithfulness and Fortitude: In Conversation with the Theological Ethics of Stanley Hauerwas. Edited by Mark Thiessen Nation and Samuel Wells. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 2000. 257ff.

________. Alien Sex : The Body and Desire in Cinema & Theology. Challenges in Contemporary Theology. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.

Lyden, John C. Film as Religion: Myths, Morals, and Rituals. New York and London: New York University Press, 2003.

MacDonald, Alan.  Movies in Close-Up: Getting the Most from Film and Video.  Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1992.

Malone, Peter.  Movie Christs and Anti-Christs.  New York: Crossroad, 1990.

________. Through a Catholic Lens: Religious Perspectives of 19 Film Directors from Around the World. Rowan & Littlefield, 2007.

Malone, Peter, with Rose Pacatte. Lights, Camera . . . Faith: A Movie Lectionary. Cycle A . Boston: Pauline Books and Media, 2001. (Films for all the Sundays in the liturgical year, coordinated with the Common Lectionary, Cycle A).

________.  Lights, Camera . . . Faith: A Movie Lectionary. Cycle B . Boston: Pauline Books and Media, 2002.

________.  Lights, Camera . . . Faith: A Movie Lectionary. Cycle C . Boston: Pauline Books and Media, 2003.

________. Lights, Camera . . . Faith! The Ten Commandments. Boston: Pauline Books and Media, 2006.

Marsh, Clive and Gaye W. Ortiz.  Explorations in Theology and Film: Movies and Meaning.  Oxford: Blackwell, 1997.  Essays on the following movies: The Piano, Shane, Edward Scissorhands, Terminator, Groundhog Day, Dead Poets Society, The Mission, The Name of the Rose, Priest, Shirley Valentine, Babette’s Feast, Awakenings, as well as topics like Martin Scorsese, Jesus Movies, Feelgood movies.

Marsh, Clive and Gaye W. Ortiz. Theology and Film: Challenging the Sacred/SecularDivide. Wiley-Blackwell, 2007.

Marsh, Clive. Cinema and Sentiment: Film’s Challenge to Theology. Milton Keynes, UK and Wanyesboro, GA: Paternoster, 2004.

________. Theology Goes to the Movies: An Introduction to Critical Christian Thinking. New York: Routledge, 2007.

Martens, John W. The End of The World: The Apocalyptic Imagination in Film and Television. Winnipeg, MB: J. Gordon Shillingford Publishing, 2003.

Martin, Joel W. and Conrad E. Ostwalt, Jr., eds.  Screening the Sacred: Religion, Myth, and Ideology in Popular Film.  Boulder, San Francisco, Oxford: Westview Press, 1995.  Contains essays on Psycho and Blood Simple, Ironweed, Platoon, Apocalyptic themes in Movies, Star Wars, Alien/Aliens, Rocky, Blue Velvet.

Martin, Thomas M.  Images and the Imageless: A Study in Religious Consciousness and Film.  Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press; London: Associated University Presses, 1981.

Matties, Gordon. “On Movies as a Spiritual Discipline,” Direction 34/2 (2005) 270-86.

May, John R. Nourishing Faith Through Fiction: Reflections of the Apostles' Creed in Literature and Film. Kansas City: Sheed & Ward, 2002.

May, John R., editor.  Image and Likeness: Religious Visions in American Film Classics.  Isaac Hecker Studies in Religion and American Cultue.  New York: Paulist Press, 1991.

May, John R., editor.  New Image of Religious Film.  Kansas City, MO: Sheed & Ward, 1997.

May, John R. and Michael Bird, eds.  Religion in Film.  Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press, 1982.

McDowell, John C. The Gospel According to Star Wars: Faith, Hope, and the Force. Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox, 2007.

McNulty, Edward N. Films and Faith. Viaticum Press, 1999.

________. Faith and Film: A Guidebook for Leaders. Louisville & London: Westminster John Knox, 2007. Includes movie discussion guides for twenty-seven popular movies.

Miles, Margaret R.  Seeing and Believing: Religion and Values in the Movies.  Boston: Beacon Press, 1996.

Miller, Monica Migliorino. The Theology of the Passion of the Christ. Staten Island, NY: St. Pauls, 2005.

Mitchell, Jolyon and S. Brent Plate, eds. The Religion and Film Reader. New York and London: Routledge, 2007.

Morefield, Kenneth R., ed. Faith and Spirituality in Masters of World Cinema. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2008.

Neely, Alan.  “Images: Mission and Missionaries in Contemporary Fiction and Cinema,” Missiology 24/4 (1996) 451-78.

Newman, Kim. Apocalypse Movies: End of the World Cinema. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1999.

O'Brien, Tom. The Screening of America: Movies and Values from 'Rocky' to 'Rainman'. New York: Continuum, 1990.

Oropeza, B. J., ed. The Gospel According to Superheroes. Peter Lang, 2005.

Ostwalt, Conrad E.  “Religion and Popular Movies.”  Spotlight on Teaching (Published by the American Academy of Religion) 6/1 (1998) 8.

Overstreet, Jeffrey. Through a Screen Darkly: Looking Closer at Beauty, Truth and Evil in the Movies. Ventura, CA: Regal Books, 2007.

Patterson, Thomas.  At a Theatre Near You: Screen Entertainment from a Christian Perspective.  Wheaton, IL: Harold Shaw, 1994.

Paffenroth, Kim. Gospel of the Living Dead: George Romero’s Visions of Hell on Earth. Waco: Baylor University Press, 2006.

Pinsky, Mark I. The Gospel according to Disney: Faith, Trust and Pixie Dust. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.

Plate, S. Brent. Re-Viewing the Passion: Mel Gibson’s Film and its Critics. Palgrave, 2004.

________. Religion and Film: Cinema and the Re-Creation of the World. Wallflower Press, 2009.

Plate, S. Brent and David Jasper, eds. Imag(in)ing Otherness: Filmic Visions of Living Together. American Academy of Religion Cultural Criticism Series 7. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1999.

Pope, Robert. Salvation in Celluloid. London and New York: Continuum, 2007.

Porter, Jennifer E. and Darcee L. McLaren, editors. Star Trek and Sacred Ground : Explorations of Star Trek, Religion, and American Culture. New York: State University of New York, 1999.

Presler, Titus Leonard.  “At Play in the Fields of Missiology: Quincentennial Faces of Mission in the Films of Popular Culture,” Missiology 24/4 (1996) 479-91.

Radix Magazine  23/1 (1994).  The issue is devoted to “Faith in Film.”  Articles on Zeffirelli (“Jesus of Nazareth”), Pasolini (“The Gospel According to Matthew”), and “The Robe.”  Sharon Gallagher on “Faith in Film: Making the Unseen Visible.”  Interview with Artur Aristakasian (“Palms”).  Review of “Forest Gump.”

Reinhartz, Adele.  “Scripture on the Silver Screen,” 1998 Presidential Address, Canadian Society of Biblical Studies.  Published in Bulletin & Abstracts 198/99 (The Canadian Society of Biblical Studies) Vol. 58.

________. Scripture on the Silver Screen. Louisville: Westminster, 2003. The explicit use of the Bible in “non-Biblical” mainstream Hollywood films: The Truman Show, Magnolia, The Sixth Sense, Pulp Fiction, and The Shawshank Redemption, Pleasantville, Magnolia, Pulp Fiction, The Miracle-Maker, Prince of Egypt, The Green Mile, Breaking the Waves, Pretty Woman, The Apostle, Blue, The Matrix, and Deep Impact.

________. Jesus of Hollywood. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Richards, Thomas. The Meaning of Star Trek. New York: Doubleday, 1997.

Riley, Robin. Film, Faith and Cultural Conflict: The Case of Martin Scorsese’s The Last Temptation of Christ. Westport, CT and London: Praeger, 2003.

Riess, Jana. What Would Buffy Do? The Vampire Slayer as Spiritual Guide. Indianapolis, IN: Wiley, 2005.

Romanowski, William D. “John Calvin Meets the Creature from the Black Lagoon: The Christian Reformed Church at the Movies 1928-1966,” Christian Scholar’s Review 25/1 (1995) 47-62.

Rosenberg, Joel.  “What the Bible and Old Movies Have in Common,” Biblical Interpretation 6 (1998) 266-291.

Runions, Erin. How Hysterical: Identification and Resistance in the Bible and Film. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Sanders, Teresa. Celluloid Saints: Images of Sanctity in Film. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2002.

Schillaci, Anthony.  Movies and Morals.  Notre Dame, IN: Fides, 1968.

Scott, Bernard Brandon.  Hollywood Dreams and Biblical Stories.  Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 1994.

Sheen, Erica.  “’The Light of God’s Law’: Violence and Metaphysics in the ‘50s Widescreen Biblical Epic,” Biblical Interpretation 6 (1998) 292-312.

Sinetar, Marsha.  Reel Power: Spiritual Growth Through Film.  Liguori, MS: Triumph Books, 1993.

Staley, Jeffrey L. and Richard Walsh. Jesus, the Gospels, and Cinematic Imagination: A Handboolk to Jesus on DVD. Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox, 2007

Staub, Dick. Christian Wisdom of the Jedi Masters. Indianapolis, IN: Wiley, 2005.

Stern, Richard C., Clayton N. Jefford, Guerric DeBonna. Savior on the Silver Screen. New York: Paulist, 1999.

Sterritt, David. The Films of Jean-Luc Godard: Seeing the Invisible. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Contains a chapter on Hail Mary.

Stibbe, Mark. Passion for the Movies: Spiritual Insights from Contemporary Films. Authentic/OM Literature, 2006.

Stone, Bryan P. Faith and Film: Theological Themes at the Cinema. St. Louis, MO: Chalice Press, 2000.

Tatum, W. Barnes.  Jesus at the Movies: A Guide to the First Hundred Years.  Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge Press, 1997.

Telford, William R.  “The New Testament in Fiction and Film: A Biblical Scholar’s Perspective,” in Words Remembered, Texts Renewed: Essays in Honour of John F. A. Sawyer.  JSNTSup 195.  Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

Vaux, Sara Anson. Finding Meaning at the Movies. Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1999.

Vollmer, Ulrike. “I Will Not Let You Go Unless You Teach Me the Tango: Sally Potter’s The Tango Lesson,” Biblical Interpretation 11/1 (2003) 98-112.

________. Film and Feminist Theology in Dialogue. Palgrave, 2007.

Voytilla, Stuart. Myth and the Movies. Studio City, CA: Michael Wise Productions, 1999.

Wall, James M.  Church and Cinema: A Way of Viewing Film.  Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1971.

Walsh, Frank.  Sin and Censorship: The Catholic Church and the Motion Picture Industry.  Yale University Press, 1996.

Walsh, Richard. Finding St. Paul in Film. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

Wilkinson, David. The Power of the Force: The Spirituality of the Star Wars Films. Herts, Engand: Lion, 2000.

Williams, Peter W. “Review Essay: Religion Goes to the Movies,” Religion and American Culture 10/2 (Summer 2000): 225-39.

Wilson, Eric G. Secret Cinema: Gnostic Vision in Film. London and New York: Continuum, 2006.

Worthing, Mark W. The Matrix Revealed: The Theology of the Matrix Trilogy. ATF Press, 2005.

Wright, Melanie J. Religion and Film: An Introduction. London & New York: Tauris, 2007. After a survey of trends in religious film analysis, interacts with six films: The Passion of Joan of Arc; The Ten Commandments; The Wicker Man; My Son the Fanatic; Keeping the Faith; and Lagaan.




Blythe, Teresa and Daniel Wolpert. Meeting God in Virtual Reality: Using Spiritual Practices with Media. Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 2004.

Pungente, John, SJ, and Monty Williams, SJ. Finding God in the Dark: Taking the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius to the Movies. Ottawa, ON: Novalis, 2004. In the USA, Boston: Pauline Books & Media, 2004.

McNulty, Edward N. Praying the Movies: Daily Meditations from Classic Films. Louisville, KY: Geneva Press, 2001. Four to five page reflections, including discussion questions, on 31 movies.

________. Praying the Movies II: More Daily Meditations from Classic Films. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2004.




Bausch, Michael G. Silver Screen, Sacred Story: Using Multimedia in Worship. The Alban Institute, 2002.

Dyrness, William A. Visual Faith: Art, Theology, and Worship in Dialogue. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2001.


FILM AND WORLD RELIGIONS (to be developed)


Plate, S. Brent, editor. Representing Religion in World Cinema: Filmmaking, Mythmaking, Culture Making. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Rosen, Steven J. Gita on the Green: The Mystical Tradition Behind Bagger Vance. New York: Continuum, 2000.




Baumgarten, Barbara Dee Bennett.  Visual Art as Theology.  New Studies in Aesthetics, Vol. 21.  New York, Bern, etc.: Peter Lang, 1994.

Begbie, Jeremy.  Voicing Creation’s Praise: Towards a Theology of the Arts.  Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1991.

Brown, Frank Burch.Good Taste, Bad Taste, & Christian Taste : Aesthetics in Religious Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Clendenin, Daniel B.  “From the Verbal to the Visual: Orthodox Icons and the Sanctification of Sight,” Christian Scholar’s Review 25/1 (1995) 30-

Dillenberger, John. A Theology of Artistic Sensibilities: The Church and the Visual Arts. New York: Crossroad,1986.

De Gruchy, John W. Christianity, Art and Transformation: Theological Aesthetics in the Struggle for Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Dyrness, William.  "Aesthetics in the Old Testament: Beauty in Context," JETS 28/4 (1985) 421-32.

________. Visual Faith: Art, Theoloyg, and Worship in Dialogue. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2001.

Forbes, Cheryl.  Imagination: Embracing a Theology of Wonder.  Portland, OR: Multnomah Press, 1986.

Garcia-Rivera, Alejandro R. The Community of the Beautiful: A Theological Aesthetics. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press,

Gorringe, T. J. The Education of Desire: Towards a Theology of the Senses. Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International, 2002.

Harries, Richard. Art and the Beauty of God: A Christian Understanding.

Kilby, Clyde S.  Christianity and Aesthetics.  Chicago, IL: InterVarsity, 1961.

Lewis, Brian.  Jean Mitry and the Aesthetics of the Cinema (Studies in Cinema 25).Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1980.

Miles, Margaret R. Image as Insight: Visual Understanding in Western Christianity and Secular Culture. Boston: Beacon, 1985.

Morgan, David.  Visual Piety: A History and Theory of Popular Religious Images.  University of California Press.

Navone, John.  Toward a Theology of Beauty.  Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 1996.

Ryken, Leland.  Culture in Christian Perspective: A Door to Understanding and Enjoying the Arts.  Portland, OR: Multnomah, 1986.

Ryken, Leland, ed.  The Christian Imagination: Essays on Literature and the Arts.  Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1981.

Seerveld, Calvin.  Rainbows for the Fallen World: Aesthetic Life and Artistic Task.  Downsview, ON: Toronto Tuppence Press, 1980.

Viladesau, Richard. Theological Aesthetics: God in Imagination, Beauty, and Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

________. Theology and the Arts: Encountering God through Music, Art and Rhetoric. New York/Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2000.

Von Balthasar, Hans Urs.  The Glory of the Lord: A Theological Aesthetics.  Translated by Erasmo Leiva-Merikakis.  Edited by Joseph Fessio and John Riches.  San Francisco: Ignatius Press; New York: Crossroad Publications, 1982.

Vrundy, Kimberly and Wilson Yates, eds. Arts, Theology, and the Church: New Intersections. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press, 2005.

Westermann, Claus.  "Beauty in the Hebrew Bible," In A Feminist Companion to Reading the Bible.  Edited by Athalya Brenner and Carole Fontaine, pp. 584-602.  Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997.

Whittle, Donald. Christianity and the Arts. London: A. R. Mowbray, 1966.

Williams, James.  "The Beautiful and the Barren," JSOT 17 (1980)

Wilson, John.  One of the Richest Gifts: An Introductory Study of the Arts from a Christian Worldview.  Edinburgh: The Handsel Press, 1981.

Wolterstorff, Nicholas.  Art in Action: Toward a Christian Aesthetic.  Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1980.