Biblical Interpretation in the Context of the Israel-Palestine Conflict


Gordon Matties

Canadian Mennonite University


Because of the many topics related to the Arab-Israeli conflict, and how those topics intersect with biblical interpretation, this bibliography cannot be comprehensive. On biblical theology of land please check the fuller bibliographies in Brueggemann, Habel and Janzen. On the land in Christian thought, check the fuller bibliographies in the books by March, Merkley, Prior, Wagner, Weber, Wilkin, and in the issue of Immanuel noted below. I have not begun creating separate sections on how biblical interpretation is related to the history of anti-Semitism and the Church, on dispensationalism (see Weber, Sizer, Johnston and Walker), on the relationship of Judaism and Christianity, and on Christian interpretation of Old Testament prophetic texts as they are sometimes understood to have a bearing on contemporary events in Israel/Palestine (i.e. as predictions of current events). Some of these items are listed in bibliographies in Wagner and March, whose bibliographies are topically organized.


Biblical & Theological Perspectives


Akenson, Donald Harman. God’s Peoples: Covenant and Land in South Africa, Israel, and Ulster. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Ateek, Naim Stifan.  Justice and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation.  Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1989.

________. “Pentecost and the Intifada.” In Reading from this Place, vol. 2: Social Location and Biblical. Interpretation in Global Perspective. Edited by F. F. Segovia and M. Tolbert. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 1995. 69-81.

Ateek, Naim, M. H. Ellis, and R. R. Ruether, editors. Faith and the Intifada: Palestinian Christian Voices. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1992.

Ateek, Naim S. and Michael Prior, editors. Holy Land—Hollow Jubilee: God, Justice and the Palestinians. London: Melisende, 1999.

Ateek, Naim, Cedar Dubayis and Maurine Tobin, eds. Challenging Christian Zionism: Theology, Politics and the Israel-Palestine Conflict. London: Melisende, 2005.

Awad, Alex. “Christian Zionism: Their Theology, Our Nightmare!” MCC Peace Office Newsletter 35/3 (2005): 2-4.

Bader-Saye, Scott. Church and Israel after Christendom: The Politics of Election. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 1999

Blaising, Craig A. and Darrel L. Bock, eds. Dispensationalism, Israel and the Church: The Search for Definition. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1992.

Block, Baniel I. The Gods of the Nations: Studies in Ancient Near Eastern National Theology Evangelical Theological Society Monograph Series, 2). Jackson, MS: Evangelical Theological Society, 1988. See new edition.

Boys, Mary C., Has God Only One Blessing? Judaism as a Source of Christian Self-Understanding. New York: Paulist, 2000.

Brown, Wesley H.  “Christian Understandings of Biblical Prophecy, Israel, and the Land, and the Christian-Jewish Encounter Today,” Yearbook 1984-85.  Ecumenical Institute for Theological Research, Tantur/Jerusalem, 1986.

Brueggemann, Walter. The Land: Place as Gift, Promise and Challenge in Biblical Faith. Second edition. Philadelphia: Fortress, 2002.

Bryan, Steven M. Jesus and Israel's traditions of Judgement and Restoration. Cambridge, U.K. : Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Burge, Gary M. Whose Land? Whose Promise? What Christians Are Not Being Told about Israel and the Palestinians. Berea, OH: The Pilgrim Press, 2003.

________. “Christian Zionism, Evangelicals, and Israel,”

Burrell, David and Yehezkel Landau, editors. Voices from Jerusalem: Jews and Christians Reflect on the Holy Land.  New York/Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1992.

Chacour, Elias, with David Hazard. Blood Brothers: A Palestinian’s Struggle for Reconciliation in the Middle East. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1984.

________. We Belong to the Land. San Francisco: Harper, 1992.

Chapman, Colin. Whose Promised Land: The Continuing Crisis over Israel and Palestine. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2002.

________. Whose Holy City? Jerusalem and the Future of Peace in the Middle East. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005.

Cowles, C. S., Eugene Merrill, Daniel Gard, and Tremper Longman III. Show Them No Mercy: Four Views  on God and Canaanite Genocide. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2003.

Cragg, Kenneth. Palestine: The Prize and Price of Zion. London and Washington: Cassell, 1997.

Davies, W. D. The Gospel and the Land: Early Christianity and Jewish Territorial Doctrine. University of California Press, 1974. Abridged as The Territorial Dimension of Judaism. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 1991.

Ellis, Marc H. Toward a Jewish Theology of Liberation. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1987.

________.  Beyond Innocence and Redemption: Confrontint the Holocaust and Israeli Power. Creating a Moral Future for the Jewish People. San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row, 1990.

________. Ending Auschwitz: The Future of Jewish and Christian Life. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox, 1994.

________. Unholy Alliance: Religion and Atrocity in Our Time. London: SCM, 1997.

________. O, Jerusalem: The Contested Future of the Jewish Covenant. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress, 1999.

________. “The Boundaries of Our Destiny. A Jewish Reflection on the Biblical Jubilee on the Fiftieth Anniversary of Israel.” In Holy Land—Hollow Jubilee: God, Justice and the Palestinians. Edited by Naim Ateek and Michael Prior. London: Melisende, 1999. Pp. 236-46.

________. Israel and Palestine: Out of the Ashes. The Search for Jewish Identity in the Twenty-First Century. London, U.K. and Sterling, VA: Pluto Press, 2002.

Epp, Frank H. Whose Land is Palestine? Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970.

Epp Weaver, Alain. “Constantinianism, Zionism, Diaspora: Toward a Political Theology of Exile and Return,” Occasional Papers #28. Mennonite Central Committee.

________. “Yoder, Said, and a Theology of Land and Return,” CrossCurrents (Winter, 2003):

________. “Further footnotes on Zionism, Yoder, and Boyarin,” Cross Currents (Winter, 2007). Available online at:

Epp Weaver, Alain, editor. Under Vine and Fig Tree: Biblical Theologies of Land and the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict. Telford, PA: Cascadia; Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2007.

Fackre, Gabriel. “Perspectives on the Place of Israel in Christian Faith.” Andover Newton Review 1/2 (1990): 7-17.

Finto, Don. Your People Shall be My People: How Israel, the Jews and the Christian Church will Come Together in the Last Days. Ventura, CA: Regal Books, 2001.

Forbes, Bruce D. and Jeanne H. Kilde, eds. Rapture, Revelation, and the End Times: Exploring the Left Behind Series. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Friesen, Duane K. “Yoder and the Jews.” In A Mind Patient and Untamed: Assessing John Howard Yoder’s Contributions to Theology, Ethics, and Peacemaking. Pp. 145-60. Edited by Ben C. Ollenburger and Gayle Gerber Koontz. Telford, PA: Cascadia; Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2004.

Friesen, LeRoy. Mennonite Witness in the Middle East: A Missiological Introduction. Elkhart, IN: Mennonite Board of Missions, 2000.

Frykholm, Amy Johnson. Rapture Culture: Left Behind in Evangelical America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Frymer-Kensky, Tikva, David Novak, Peter Ochs, David Fox Sandmel and Michael A. Signer, eds. Christianity in Jewish Terms. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000.

Gopin, Marc. Holy War, Holy Peace: How Religion Can Bring Peace to the Middle East. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Gordon, Robert P. Holy Land, Holy City: Sacred Geography and the Interpretation of the Bible. Carlisle, Cumbria, UK; Waynesboro, GA: Paternoster, 2004.

Gorenberg, Gershom. End of Days: Fundamentalism and the Struggle for the Temple Mount. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Habel, Norman. The Land is Mine: Six Biblical Land Ideologies.  Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1995.

Hagee, John. In Defense of Israel: The Biblical Case for Supporting the Jewish State. Frontline, 2007 (not yet published).

Halevi, Yossi Klein. At the Entrance to the Garden of Eden : A Jew's Search for God With Christians and Muslims in the Holy Land. William Morrow & Co; ISBN: 0688169082

Halpern-Amaru, Betsy. “Land Theology in Josephus’ Jewish Antiquities,” Jewish Quarterly Review 71 (1981): 201-220

________. Rewriting the Bible: Land and Covenant in Postbiblical Jewish Literature. Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International, 1994.

Halsell, Grace. Prophecy and Politics: The Secret Alliance Between Israel and the U.S. Christian Right. Chicago, IL: Lawrence Hill Books, 1986.

Harink, Douglas. Paul among the Postliberals: Pauline Theology Beyond Christendom and Modernity. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos, 2003.

________. “Paul and Israel: An Apocalyptic Reading.” Pro Ecclesia (forthcoming).

Heschel, Abraham. Israel: An Echo of Eternity. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1969.

Hoffman, Lawrence A., editor. The Land of Israel: Jewish Perspectives. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1986. Thirteen essays on the Land of Israel in four sections: The Land of Israel in the Biblical and Hellenistic Periods; the Tannaitic Period; the Medieval Period; the Modern Period.

Horner, Barry E. Future Israel: Why Christian Anti-Judaism Must be Challenged. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman, 2007.

Hostetter, Edwin C. Nations Mighter and More Numerous: The Biblical View of Palestine’s Pre-Israelite Peoples.  Bibal Dissertation Series 3.  N. Richland Hills, TX: Bibal Press, 1995.

Hubers, John. “Christian Zionism: A Historical Analysis and Critique.” Reformed Church of America, 2004. Available online at

Huebner, Harry.  “The Morality of Peacemaking: Reflections on the Arab/Israeli Conflict.”  The Conrad Grebel Review 4/3 (1986) 201-224.

Janzen, Waldemar. “Land.” In The Anchor Bible Dictionary. Edited by David Noel Freedman, et al. New York: Doubleday, 1992. 4: 143-54.

Jeschke, Marlin. Rethinking Holy Land: A Study in Salvation Geography. Scottdale, PA; Waterloo, ON: Herald Press, 2005.

Johnston, Philip and Peter Walker, editors. The Land of Promise: Biblical, Theological and Contemporary Perspectives. Leicester, England: Appolos; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2000.

Kaminsky, Joel. Yet I Loved Jacob: Reclaiming the Biblical Concept of Election. Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 2007.

Kinzer, Mark S. Post-Missionary Messianic Judaism: Redefining Christian Engagement with the Jewish People. Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2005.

Kook, Abraham Isaac. The Lights of Penitence, the Moral Principles, Lights of Holiness, Essays, Letters, and Poems. Translation and introduction by Ben Zion Bokser. London: SPCK, 1979.

Kreutz, Andrej. Vatican Policy on the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: The Struggle for the Holy Land. Contributions in Political Science, No. 246. New York: Westport; London: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Landau, Yehezkel.  Shalom: A Religious Zionist View,” Christian Century, Dec. 20-27, 1989,

Loden, Lisa, Peter Walker, and Michael Wood, eds. The Bible and the Land: An Encounter (Christian Arab Palestinian, Israeli Messianic Jew, Western Christian). Musalaha: Jerusalem, 2000.

Lowe, Malcolm. Theme issue of Immanuel 22/23 (1989): “People, Land and State of Israel: Jewish and Christian Perspectives.” The entire issue of Immanuel is devoted to the topic, with twelve articles. Published by the Ecumenical Theological Fraternity in Israel. Excellent bibliography to 1989.

Lutz, Charles P. and Robert O. Smith. Christians and a Land Called Holy: How We Can Foster Justice, Peace, and Hope. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2006.

March, W. Eugene. Israel and the Politics of Land: A Theological Case Study. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox, 1994. Revised and republished as:

________. God’s Land on Loan: Israel, Palestine, and the World. Louisville and London: Westminster John Knox, 2007.

Merkley, Paul Charles. The Politics of Christian Zionism, 1891-1948. Intl Specialized Book Service, 1998. ISBN: 0714644080

________. Christian Attitudes toward the State of Israel. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queens, 2001.

________. “Christian Zionism 101,” Think-Israel online. January-February, 2007.

Nerel, Gershon. “Anti-Zionism in the ‘Electronic Church’ of Palestinian Christianity,”

Novak, David. The Election of Israel: The Idea of the Chosen People. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995 (paperback edition 2007).

Pitre, Brant James. Jesus, the Tribulation, and the End of the Exile: Restoration Eschatology and the Origin of the Atonement. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck; Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2006.

Prior, Michael. Zionism and the State of Israel: A Moral Inquiry. London & New York: Routledge, 1999.

Prior, Michael, ed. Speaking the Truth about Zionism and Israel. London: Melisende, 2004.

Raheb, Mitri. I Am a Palestinian Christian. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1995.

________. Bethlehem Besieged: Stories of Hope in Times of Trouble. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2004.

________.  “Contextualising the Scripture: Towards a New Understanding of the Qur’an in Arab-Christian Perspective,” Studies in World Christianity 3/2 (1997) 180-201.

Rantisi, Audeh.  Blessed Are the Peacemakers: The Story of a Palestinian Christian.  Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1990.

Rossing, Barbara R. The Rapture Exposed: The Message of Hope in the Book of Revelation. Boulder, CO: Westview, 2005.

Ruether, Rosemary Radford and Herman J. Ruether.  The Wrath of Jonah: The Crisis of Religious Nationalism in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. 2nd edition. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2002.

Ruether, Rosemary R. and Marc Ellis, editors. Beyond Occupation: American Jews, Christians and Palestinians Search for Peace. Boston: Beacon, 1990.

Richards, Bob. Has God Finished with Israel? Paternoster/Authentic Media, 2002 (CMU on order).

Rittner, Carol, Stephen D. Smith and Irena Steinfeld. The Holocaust and the Christian World. London: Kuperard, 2000.

Sabbah, Michael. Reading the Bible Today in the Land of the Bible. Jerusalem: Latin Patriarchate, 1993.

Said, Edward W. “Michael Walzer’s Exodus and Revolution: A Canaanite Reading.” In Blaming the Victims: Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question. Edited by Edward W. Said and Christopher Hitchins. London: Verso, 1988. Pp. 161-73.

Sawatzky, Heinrich.  Mennonite Templers.  Winnipeg: CMBC Publications, 1990.

Schlabach, Gerald W. “Deuteronomic or Constantinian: What is the Most Basic Problem for Christian Social Ethics.” In The Wisdom of the Cross: Essays in Honor of John Howard Yoder. Pp. 449-71. Edited by Stanley Hauerwas, Chris K. Huebner, Harry J. Huebner and Mark Thiessen Nation. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1999.

Sizer, Stephen. Christian Zionism: Road-Map to Armageddon? Leicester, UK: InterVarsity Press, 2004.

________. “Hal Lindsey: The Father of Apocalyptic Christian Zionism,”

Soulen, R. Kendall. The God of Israel and Christian Theology. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Fortress, 1996.

Van Buren, Paul. Discerning the Way: A Theology of Jewish Christian Reality. New York: Seabury, 1980.

Wagner, Donald E.  Anxious for Armageddon: A Call to Partnership for Middle Eastern and Western Christians.  Scottdale, PA and Waterloo, ON: Herald Press, 1995. Excellent Bibliography in five sections: Historical and General Overviews; The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict; Other Arab Countries and Regions; Interfaith Issues; and Christian Zionism and Other Christian Aspects.

________. Dying in the Land of Promise: Palestine and Palestinian Christianity from Pentecost to 2000. London: Melisende, 2003.

________. “Evangelicals and Israel: Theological Roots of a Political Alliance,”

Waldow, H. E. von. “Israel and her Land: Some Theological Considerations.” In A Light unto my Path: Old Testament Studies in Honor of Jacob M. Myers,  493-508. Edited by H. N. Bream, R. D. Heim and C. A. Moore. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Pp. 493-508.

Walker, P. W. L., ed. Jerusalem Past and Present in the Purposes of God. Cambridge: Tyndale House, 1992.

Walker, Peter W. L., editor.  The Holy City: New Testament Perspectives on Jerusalem.  Eerdmans, 1996.

Warrior, Robert Allen. “A Native American Perspective: Canaanites, Cowboys, and Indians.” In Voices from the Margin: Interpreting the Bible in the Third World. New Edition. Edited by R. S. Sugirtharajah. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis; London: SPCK, 1995.

Weaver, Alain Epp. “On Exile: Yoder, Said, and a Theology of Land and Return.”  In A Mind Patient and Untamed: Assessing John Howard Yoder’s Contributions to Theology, Ethics, and Peacemaking. Pp. 161-86. Edited by Ben C. Ollenburger and Gayle Gerber Koontz. Telford, PA: Cascadia; Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2004.

Weber, Timothy P. On the Road to Armageddon: How Evangelicals Became Israel’s Best Friend. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004.

Weinfeld, Moshe. The Promise of the Land: The Inheritance of the Land of Canaan by the Israelites.  Berkeley, Los Angeles, Oxford: University of California Press, 1993.

Whitelam, Keith W. “Israel’s Traditions of Origin: Reclaiming the Land,” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 44 (1989): 19-42

________.  The Invention of Ancient Israel: The Silencing of Palestinian History.  New York: Routledge, 1996.

Wilkin, Robert L. The Land Called Holy: Palestine in Christian History and Thought. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

World Council of Churches. The Theology of the Churches and the Jewish People. Statements by the World Council of Churches and its Member Churches, with commentary by Allan Brockway, Paul Van Buren, Rolf Rendtorff and Simon Schoon. Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1988.

Wright, Christopher J. H. God’s People in God’s Land: Family, Land, and Property in the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans; Exeter: Paternoster, 1990.

Wyschogrod, Michael. Abraham’s Promise: Judaism and Jewish-Christian Relations. Edited and Introduced by R. Kendall Soulen. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004.

Yoder, John Howard. The Jewish-Christian Schism Revisited. Edited by Michael G. Cartwright and Peter Ochs. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2003.


History & Context


Avineri, Schlomo. The Making of Modern Zionism: The Intellectual Origins of the Jewish State. New York: Basic Books, 1981.

Benvenisti, Meron. City of Stone: The Hidden History of Jerusalem. University of California Press, 1998.

________. Sacred Landscape: The Buried History of the Holy Land since 1948. University of California Press, 2002.

Bergen, Kathy, David Neuhaus and Ghassan Rubeiz, eds.  Justice and the Intifada: Palestinians and Israelis Speak Out.  New York: Friendship Press; Geneva: WCC, 1991.

Bickerton, Ian J. and Carla L. Klausner. A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002.

Birkland, Carol J.  Unified in Hope: Arabs and Jews Talk About Peace.  Geneva: WCC Publications, 1987.

Brook, Stephen.  Winner Takes All: A Season in Israel.  London: Picador/Pan Books.

Brynen, Rex, ed.  Echoes of the Intifada.  Boulder, CO; San Francisco; Oxford: Westview, 1991.

Buber. Martin. On Zion: The History of an Idea. New York: Schocken Books, 1973.

Carter, Jimmy. Palestine: Peace not Apartheid. Simon & Schuster, 2006.

Cohn-Sherbok and Dawoud S. El Alami. The Palestine-Israeli Conflict: A Beginnier’s Guide. One World Publications, 2001.

Davis, Uri. Apartheid Israel: Possibilities for the Struggle Within. London and New York: Zed Books, 2003.

Dershowitz, Alan. The Case for Israel. Wiley, 2004.

Dolan, David.  Holy War for the Promised Land.  Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1991.

Drummond, Dorothy. Holy Land, Whose Land?: Modern Dilemma, Ancient Roots.
Educare Press; ISBN: 0944638309; (May 15, 2002)

Elon, Amos.  Jerusalem: City of Mirrors.  Fontana/HarperCollins.

Finkelstein, Norman. Image and Reality of the Israel Palestine Conflict. 2nd ed. Verso Press, 2003.

Gelvin, James. The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Gerner, Deborah J.  One Land, Two Peoples: The Conflict over Palestine.  Boulder, CO; San Francisco; Oxford: Westview Press, 1991.

Gilbert, Martin.  The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Maps.  4th ed.  Jerusalem: Steimatzky, 1984.

Goldberg, David J. To the Promised Land: A History of Zionist Thought from Its Origins to the Modern State of Israel. London: Penguin, 1996.

Gordon, Haim and Rivca Gordon.  Israel/Palestine: The Quest for Dialogue.  Orbis, 1991.

Gorkin, Michael.  Days of Honey Days of Onion: The Story of a Palestinian Family in Israel.  Boston: Beacon Press, 1991.

Gorenberg, Gershom. The End of Days: Fundamentalism and the Struggle for the Temple Mount. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Greenberg, Gershon. The Holy Land in American Religious Thought. Rowan & Littlefield, 1994.

Grossman, David.  Yellow Wind.

Halper, Jeff. Obstacles to Peace: A Re-Framing of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict. 3rd ed. The Jerusalem: Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions, 2005.

Harms, Gregory and Todd M. Ferry. The Palestine-Israel Conflict: A Basic Introduction. Pluto Press, 2005.

Hecht, Richard.  To Rule Jerusalem.  Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Hertzberg, Arthur, editor. The Zionist Idea: A Historical Analysis and Reader.

Heller, M. and S. Nusseibeh,  No Trumpets No Drum.  London: I. B. Tauris & Co.; New York: Farrer Straus & Giroux.

Hertzberg, Arthur, editor. The Zionist Idea: A Historican Analysis and Reader. New York: Doubleday & Co. and Herzl Press, 1959.

Hourani, Albert.  A History of the Arab Peoples.  Cambridge, MA: Bellknap Press of Harvard University, 1991.

Khalidi, Rashid. The Iron Cage: The Story of the Palestinian Struggle for Statehood. Beacon Press, 2006.

Kunstel, Marcia and Joseph Albright.  Their Promised Land: Arab Versus Jew in History’s Cauldron--One Valley in the Jerusalem Hills.  New York: Crown Publishers, 1990.

Laqueur, Walter. History of Zionism. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1972.

McAleavy, Tony. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. (CMU has 1998 edition).

McDowall, David.  Palestine and Israel: The Uprising and Beyond.  London: I. B. Tauris,1989.

Minns, Amina and Nadia Hijab.  Citizens Apart: A Portrait of the Palestinians in Israel.  London; New York: I. B. Tauris, 1990.

Morris, Benny. Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-1998. Vintage, 2001.

________. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. 2nd ed. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Oz, Amos.  In the Land of Israel.  Flamingo/HarperCollins.

Pappe, Ilan. The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine. Oxford: Oneworld, 2006.

________. A History of Modern Palestine: One Land, Two Peoples. 2nd ed. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Peretz, Don.  “The Palestinians Since the Gulf War,” Current History (Jan. 1993) 32-36.

Qleibo, Ali H.  Before the Mountains Disappear: An Ethnographic Chronicle of the Modern Palestinians.  Cairo: A Kloreus Book, Al-Ahram Press, 1992.

Reinhart, Tanya. Israel/Palestine: How to End the War of 1948. 2nd ed. Seven Stories, 2005.

________. The Road Map to Nowhere: Israel/Palestine Since 2003. London and New York: Verso, 2006.

Reporters Without Borders. Israel/Palestine: The Black Book. London U.K. and Sterling, VA: Pluto Press, 2002.

Romann, Michael and Alex Weingrod.  Living Together Separately: Arabs and Jews in Contemporary Jerusalem.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Rosovsky, Nitza, ed.  City of the Great King: Jerusalem from David to the Present.  Harvard University Press.

Said, Edward W. The End of the Peace Process: Oslo and After. Rev. ed. Vintage Books, 2001.

Said, Edward W. and Christopher Hitchens, editors. Blaming the Victims: Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question. London: Verso, 1988.

Schlaim, Avi. The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World. New York & London: W. W. Norton, 2001.

Sennott, Charles M. The Body and the Blood: The Holy Land at the Turn of a New Millennium: A Reporter's Journey. HarperCollins, 2001.

Shehadeh, Raj. Strangers in the House: Coming of Age in Occupied Palestine. Steerforth, 2001.

Seale, Patrick.  Abu Nidal: A Gun For Hire.  New York: Random House, 1992.

Shipler, David.  Arab and Jew: Wounded Spirits in a Promised Land. Penguin, 1987.

Silberstein, Laurence J. The Post-Zionism Debates: Knowledge and Power in Israeli Culture. London & New York: Routledge, 1999.

Tolan, Sandy. The Lemon Tree: An Arab, A Jew, and the Heart of the Middle East. New York: Bloomsbury, 2006.

Warnock, Kitty.  Land Before Honour: Palestinian Women in the Occupied Territories.  New York: Monthly Review Press, 1990.

Weaver, Sonia K. What is Palestine/Israel: Answers to Common Questions. Akron, PA and Winnipeg, MB: Mennonite Central Committee, 2004. Available online at:


WEBSITES (there are too many to list here. See also the list in Epp-Weaver (2007), pp. 185-87.


The Jerusalem Declaration on Christian Zionism

Challenging Christian Zionism

A Theological Understanding of the Relationship between Christians and Jews (Presbyterian Church USA).

Presbyterian Church USA Website on Israel-Palestine.

        Resources Page:

International Christian Embassy Jerusalem

Christian Zionism (includes a list of links to other Christian Zionist organizations).

Christian Aid. “One Land and Many Voices: Strands of Christian Thought about who Lives in the Holy Land.” From  found at:

LeadershipU. Zionism: Israel’s Claim to the Land.

The Christian Scholars Group on Christian-Jewish Relations. A comprehensive bibliography

“Dispensationalism, Israel and the Church.”

Bearing Faithful Witness. United Church of Canada Statement on Jewish-Christian Relations, June 2003.

The Methodist Church. Links and Resources on the Holy Land.

Evangelical Alliance: Holy Land Consultation Selected Papers.

Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life: American Evangelicals and Israel.

Mennonite Central Committee Palestine Resources For the MCC Blog “Palestine Update” go to

The Holy Land Christian Ecumenical Foundation

        See Panel Presentations, “Are Christians Obligated to Support Israel? Two Different Theological Perspectives.” With articles by Gary Burge and JoAnn Magnuson.

Churches for Middle East Peace

Bridges for Peace.

Electronic Intifada

Evangelicals for Middle East Understanding

Gush Shalom

Jews Against the Occupation

Links to Jewish Peace Groups

The Temple Mount

Sabeel: The Palestinian Liberation Theology Center See Cornerstone, Sabeel’s online magazine. Issue in 2004 on Christian Zionism:

Rabbis for Human Rights

Mennonite Church USA page on Palestine/Israel